【对口升学英语二轮专题复习系列一、语法部分】定语从句

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语法复习十九、定语从句

学习目标

掌握定语从句

学习难点

介词+关系代词的用法

学习内容

掌握定语从句

定语从句在整个句子中相当于一个形容词,对某一名词或代词起着修饰作用。

定语从句置于被修饰词之后。被定语从句修饰的词称为先行词。先行词与关系词是等量关系。

① 先行词在从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的数由先行词而定。如:

This is the place which/that is worth visiting. 这是个值得参观的地方。

② 关系代词that, which, who, whom, whose在定语从句中充当了成分,其意思就是先行词的意义,所以在从句中不能重复其意。如:

There are many places (that/which) we can visit (them) in china. 在中国有很多我们能参观的地方。(要去掉them,因为that或which已经作了visit的宾语。that或which作宾语时,可以省略)

③ 在定语从句中,当先行词指物时,下列情况的关系词宜用that而不用which

  1. 先行词被形容词最高级、序数词、或被only, any, few, little, no, all, one of等修饰时。如:

This is the best film that I’ve ever seen. 这是我看过的最好的电影。

This is the first place that I visited last time. 这是我上次参观的第一个地方。

  1. 先行词为all、much、little、none、few、one、everything、anything/nothing等不定代词时。如:

Is there anything that I can do for you? 有我能为你做的任何事吗?

There is something that/which keeps worrying me. 有件一直让我焦虑的事。

  1. 先行词中既有人又有物时。如:

He was looking happily at the children and parcels that filled his bus.

他在开心的看着装满他的车的孩子们和包裹。

They talked about the things and persons that they remembered in the school.

他们谈论了他们记得的发生在在学校的人和事。

④ 宜用which而不用that的情况

  1. 主句与从句之间有“,”隔开,即非限制性定语从句。如:

She heard a terrible noise, which brought her heart into her mouth.

她听到了可怕的噪音这噪音让她的心跳到嘴上。

  1. 先行词是物时,介词后用which,不能用that;先行词是人时,介词后用whom,不能用who。如:

He built a telescope through which he could study the skies.

他制造了一个望远镜,通过它他能研究天空。

In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person to whom she could turn for help.

在漆黑的街道上,没有一个她能求助的人。 

强化练习

(    )1.Do you know the man _____ is talking with your father?

A.whom B.whose C.who D.he

(    )2.This is the new bike _____ I bought yesterday.

A.that B.where C.when D.how

(    )3.This is the best novel _____ I have ever read.

A.which B.where C.that D.why

(   )4.The film “Baby Plan”, _____ Jacky Chen acts,  is very funny.

A.who B.that   C.which  D.whom

(   )5.The young man _____ mother works in a middle school is a worker.

A.who B.whom C.whose D.which

(   )6.That is the man _____ house has been newly painted.

A.who B.whom C.whose D.which

(   )7.Do you remember the days _____ we spent together?

A.which  B.then C.when  D.where

(   )8.There was an old man _____ wanted to meet you outside.

A.he B.whom C.who D.whose

(   )9.That was the only story book _____ John had read.

A.that B.what C.where D.When

(   )10. _____ is known to all, China is a socialist country.

A.It B.As      C.that D.Which

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