【对口升学英语二轮专题复习系列一、语法部分】宾语从句

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语法复习十七、宾语从句

学习目标

掌握宾语从句

学习难点

宾语从句不能倒装;doubt、be sure/certain后宾语从句的引导词用法doubt用于肯定结构时,后面用whether/ if 引导宾语从句;用于否定结构或疑问结构时,后面用that引导宾语从句;be sure/certain用于肯定句或疑问句时,后接that引导的宾语从句;用于否定句时,后接whether/if引导的宾语从句

学习内容

掌握宾语从句

宾语从句就是在复合句中作宾语的名词性从句,通常放在主句谓语动词(及物动词)或介词之后。

① 作动词的宾语

  1. 由that引导的宾语从句(that通常可以省略)。如:

I heard (that) he joined the army. 我听说他参军了。(that只作引导,不作句子成分,也没有词义)

  1. 由what, whether (if)引导的宾语从句。如:

She did not know what had happened. 她不知道发生了什么事。(what作宾语从句的主语,有词义)

I wonder whether you can help me. 我想知道你是否能帮我。(whether不作句子成分,但有词义)

  1. 动词+间接宾语+宾语从句。如:

She told me that she would accept my invitation. 她告诉我她将接受我的邀请。

② 作形容词的宾语。如:

I am afraid (that) I’ve made a mistake. 我担心我犯了一个错误。

I am sure (that) he will win the game. 我确信他将赢得比赛。

③ it 可以作为形式宾语。如:

it 可以作为形式宾语,而真正的宾语that从句则放在句尾,特别是在带复合宾语的句子中。如:

We thought it good news that the fog had finally gone. 我们认为雾终于散去了,是个好消息。

注意:

  1. 宾语从句不能倒装。如:

These photographs will show you what our village looks like. 这些照片将向你展示我们的村子看起来像什么样。不能说:

These photographs will show you what does our village look like.

Do you know what time the movie starts? 你知道电影开始的时间吗?

不能说:Do you know what time does the movie start?

  1. doubt、be sure/certain后宾语从句的引导词用法

doubt用于肯定结构时,后面用whether/ if 引导宾语从句;用于否定结构或疑问结构时,后面用that引导宾语从句;be sure/certain用于肯定句或疑问句时,后接that引导的宾语从句;用于否定句时,后接whether/if引导的宾语从句。如:

He doubted whether the professor could come and give the speech on time.

他怀疑那位教授能否按时来作演讲。

Do you doubt that he is right? 你怀疑他是对的吗?

He is certain that our football team will win. 他确信我们队会赢的。

I am not sure whether/if he will come here today. 我不确定他今天是否来这里。

强化练习

(    )1.She didn’t know______ back soon or not.

A.will he be B.he will be

C.whether he would be D.if would he be

(    )2.I want to know _____ he can be here on time.

A.who B.when C.where D.if

(    )3.Please tell me _____ it will take to go to Beijing by air.

A.how often B.how many C.how long D.how far

(    )4.She said that she had never _____ to Beijing.

A.gone B.been C.to be D.went

(    )5.He said that he _____ go to the college the next year.

A.will B.shall C.would D.is going to

(    )6.He asked me when and where I _____ the nice bag.

A.to buy B.buy C.was buying D.bought

(    )7.Catherine said that she ______ to Guangzhou.

A.has never gone B.had never been

C.has never been D.had never gone

(    )8.Linda said the moon _______ round the earth.

A.travelled        B.has travelled       C.travels      D.had travelled

(    )9.Can you tell me _____she is waiting for?

A .which       B.whose     C.whom     D.that

(     )10.The boy did_____his father had told him to do.

A.which        B.that        C.what           D.who

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