【对口升学英语二轮专题复习系列一、语法部分】状语从句

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语法复习十六、状语从句

学习目标

  • 掌握状语从句(目的、结果)
  • 了解让步状语从句常由although, though(尽管,虽然)等引导

学习难点

结果状语从句主要考查so和such的区别,so是副词修饰形容词或副词;而such是形容词修饰名词。但是当名词前有many、much、little、few时用so。判断的方法是从that处断开看that前是否是名词(so+形容词+a/an+名词除外)

学习内容

  • 掌握状语从句

① 目的状语从句

目的状语从句常由so that(为了,以便),in order that(目的在于,为了,以便)等引导,如:

He got up early so that (in order that) he could catch the train. 他早早就起床了,以便他能赶上火车。

② 结果状语从句

结果状语从句常由so…that(如此……以至于……),such…that(这样……以至于……)等引导。如:

It was so hot that I didn’t fall asleep. 天气太热以至于我睡不着觉。

We left in such a hurry that we forgot to lock the door. 我们走得匆忙,都忘锁门了。

注意:结果状语从句主要考查so和such的区别,so是副词修饰形容词或副词;而such是形容词修饰名词。但是当名词前有many、much、little、few时用so。判断的方法是从that处断开看that前是否是名词(so+形容词+a/an+名词除外)。如:

There are so many people that I can’t find him. 有那么多的人以致我找不到他。

So few workers are doing so much work. 那么少的人做那么多的工作。

③ 让步状语从句

了解让步状语从句常由although, though(尽管,虽然)等引导,如:

He is unhappy although / though he has a lot of money. 他虽然有很多钱,但并不幸福。

Child as he is, he knows a lot=Though/Although he is a child, he knows a lot. 虽然他是个孩子,但他知道很多事情。(as引导的让步状语从句要倒装)

Clever as she is, she doesn’t work hard.=Though/Although she is clever, she doesn’t work hard. 尽管她很聪明,但工作不努力。

强化练习

(   )1.She kept practicing _____ she could win the National Speaking Competition.

A.to B.so that C.in order to D.because of

(    )2.The problem is _____ difficult _____ few of us can work it out.

A.so, that B.too, to C.very, that D.too, that

(    )3.Physics is _____ hard for some students _____ they can’t understand.

A.such … that B.too … to C.so … that D.much … to

(    )4.I like learning English _____ it takes me a lot of time.

A.because B.though C.when D.for

(    )5._____ the water was cold, he still jumped into the river to save the little boy.

A.Although B.When C.If D.Because

(    )6.It was _____ a funny story _____ all the students laughed.

A.such; that B.so; that C.too; to D.not; at all

(    )7.The boy is _____ young _____ carry the heavy box.

A.so…that B.too…to  C.such…that  D.to…too

(    )8.She spoke _____ fast that I couldn’t catch a word.

A.such B.too C.very D.So

(    )9.The drink is _____ delicious _____ I enjoy it very much.

A.such … that B.too … to

C.so … that D.in order … that

(    )10.It is _____ fine day that I’d like to go for an outing.

A.so a B.so C.such a D.Such

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