【对口升学英语二轮专题复习系列一、语法部分】简单句

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语法复习十五、简单句

学习目标

  • 掌握简单句的句子成分及五种基本句型;熟练掌握感叹句的用法

2、理解句子成分的类型:包括主语、谓语、表语、宾语、定语、状语、补语等;理解句子根据使用目的和语气的不同,可分为陈述句、疑问句(包括一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句和反意疑问句)、祈使句和感叹句四大类型;理解疑问句中反意疑问句的用法

学习难点

四种疑问句的回答

学习内容

(1)理解句子成分的类型:包括主语、谓语、表语、宾语、定语、状语、补语等。

(2)掌握简单句的句子成分及五种基本句型:

  1. 主语+谓语

如:We are working now. 我们在工作。

b.主语+系动词+名词(形容词)如:

You are a student. 你是个学生。

She looks very happy. 她看起来很幸福。

c.主语+谓语+宾语  如:

He is doing his homework. 他在做他的作业。

d.主语+谓语+间接宾语(sb)+直接宾语(sth) 如:

He gave me some good advice. 他给了我一些好的建议。

e.主语+谓语+宾语+宾补  如:

He finds the door open. 他发现门是开着的。

(3)理解句子根据使用目的和语气的不同,可分为陈述句、疑问句(包括一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句和反意疑问句)、祈使句和感叹句四大类型;

① 理解疑问句中反意疑问句的用法:即附加疑问句,包括“前肯后否”型句式和 “前否后肯”型句式。如:

She visited her aunt yesterday, didn’t she? 昨天她看望了她的姑姑,不是吗?(前句肯定,后句否定)

She seldom/never/scarcely visited her aunt, did she? 她很少/从来不/几乎不去看望她姑姑,是吧?(前句否定或含有否定意义的词,后句肯定)

② 熟练掌握感叹句的用法;

a .What + a/an + 形容词 +可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

如: What a clever girl(she is)!多么聪明的姑娘啊!

What an interesting story (it is)!多么有趣的故事呀!

  1. What +形容词+不可数名词/可数名词复数(+主语+谓语)!如:

What clean water (it is)! 多么清澈的水!

What interesting stories (they are)! 多么有趣的故事啊!

c..How+形容词+(+主语+谓语)!如:

How clever (the girl is)!多么聪明的姑娘啊!

How interesting (the story is)! 多么有趣的故事啊!

强化练习

(    )1.My grandma likes Peking Opera, _____?

A.do she B.doesn’t she C.is she D.isn’t she

(    )2.She hardly plays computer games, _____?

A.has she B.does she C.doesn’t she D.hasn’t she

(    )3.Do you like playing basketball _____ football?

A.and B.but C.or D.so

(    )4.— Please don’t make any noise.

— _____. I will be as quiet as a mouse.

A.Yes, I won’t B.No, I won’t C.No, I don’t D.Yes, I will

(    )5.— _____ did you come to China?

— Two years ago.

A.How long B.How often C.When D.How

(    )6._____ he _____ playing basketball?

A.Do; likes B.Does; like C.Do; like D.Does; likes

(    )7._____ difficult questions they are!  I can’t answer them.

A.How B.What C.What a D.How a

(    )8._____ exciting the news is!

A.What B.What an C.How D.How an

(    )9.It’s sunny today. Let’s go out to play volleyball, _____?

A.would you B.can we C.shall we D.can you

(    )10.Make sure to turn off all the lights before you leave the room, _____?

A.do you B.don’t you C.will you D.can you

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