【对口升学英语二轮专题复习系列一、语法部分】过去分词

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语法复习十四、非谓语动词之过去分词

学习目标

  • 掌握过去分词的构成形式
  • 了解过去分词在句中作表语、宾补、定语和状语的用法;了解动词的ing形式和动词的ed形式的区别

学习难点

动词的ing形式和过去分词的主要区别在于:动词的ing形式表示主动和进行,表示“……令人……”;而过去分词done表示被动和完成,表示“某人感到……”

学习内容

过去分词(done)

  • 掌握过去分词的构成形式;
  • 了解过去分词在句中作表语、宾补、定语和状语的用法;如:

The cup is broken. 茶杯破了。(作表语,表示主语的状态,不但表示被动)

He is retired. 他已退休。(作表语,表示主语的状态,强调已完成了)

I find the door closed now. 我发现门现在关上了。((作宾补,说明门的关的状态)

They have sent the injured man to hospital. 他们把受伤的男人送到了医院。(作定语,表示被动)

When asked to answer the question, Tom didn’t know the answer. 当被要求回答这个问题时,汤姆不知道答案。(作状语,表被动)

  • 了解动词的ing形式和动词的ed形式的区别。动词的ing形式和过去分词的主要区别在于:动词的ing形式表示主动和进行,表示“……令人……”;而过去分词done表示被动和完成,表示“某人感到……”。如:

The movie is very moving. 这部电影很感人。

I was moved by the movie. 我被这部电影感动了。 

强化练习

(    )1._____ another chance, we’ll do it better than before.

A.Giving B.Give C.Given D.To give

(    )2.If _____ green, the door might look more beautiful.

A.painting B.painted C.paint D.to paint

(    )3.The language _____ in this part of this country is hard to understand.

A.speaking B.to be speaking C.spoken D.speaks

(    )4._____ in old English, the book is too difficult for us to understand.

A.Writing B.Written C.Wrote D.To write

(    )5._____ air and water are harmful to health.

A.Pollute B.Polluting C.Polluted D.To pollute

(    )6.Spoken English is different from _____ English in many ways.

A.write B.wrote C.writing D.written

(    )7.We should bear in mind that “It’s easier _____ than done”.

A.saying B.say C.said D.says

(    )8.— Why are you so late?

— My bike broke down.I had to have it ______.

A.repairs B.repair C.repaired D.repairing

(    )9.Dick made the good news _____ to all his friends.

A.know B.known C.to know D.Knowing

(    )10.These boys are ______ in playing computer games.

A.interesting B.interested C.excited D.exciting

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