【对口升学英语二轮专题复习系列一、语法部分】不定式

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语法复习十二、非谓语动词之动词不定式

学习目标

  • 掌握动词不定式的肯定式和否定式的构成形式;掌握不定式作宾语、宾补、主语、表语的用法;掌握动词不定式在某些动词后作宾补时省去to的用法
  • 了解不定式作定语、状语的用法

学习难点

在主动结构中,“四看”(see, watch, notice, observe)、“三使”(make, let, have)、“两听”(hear, listen to)、“一感觉”(feel)后+宾语+不带to的不定式。但是这些省去的to在变成被动语态后需加上to

学习内容

掌握非谓语动词(the Non-Finite Verbs)的概念:在句子中充当除谓语以外的各种句子成分的动词形式。非谓语动词也是动词的一种,他们有着动词的其他特点,可以充当主语、宾语、状语、宾语补足语等,有 to do, doing, done三种形式。

a.动词不定式(to do)

  • 掌握动词不定式的肯定式和否定式的构成形式;
  • 掌握不定式作宾语、宾补、主语、表语的用法。如:

I plan to go home this weekend. 我计划这个周末回家。(作宾语)

He told me to wait for him here. 他告诉我在这里等他。(作宾补)

It is interesting to learn English. 学习英语很有趣。(不定式作主语时,常用it作形式主语,把不定式放后面)

Her job is to help you with your English. 她的工作是帮你学英语。(作表语)

  • 了解不定式作定语、状语的用法。如:

I have a lot of work to do today. 今天我有很多工作要做。(作定语)

We have to hurry up to arrive there on time. 为了准时到达那里,我们不得不赶快。(作目的状语)

  • 熟记一些常用动词不定式作宾语的动词,如decide, fail, refuse, manage, choose, hope, agree, plan, intend, pretend, promise, offer, afford, demand等。如:

I decided to go home on this weekend. 我决定这个周末回家。

He refused to give up his plan. 他拒绝放弃他的计划。

  •  掌握动词不定式在某些动词后作宾补时省去to的用法。

在主动结构中,“四看”(see, watch, notice, observe)、“三使”(make, let, have)、“两听”(hear, listen to)、“一感觉”(feel)后+宾语+不带to的不定式。但是这些省去的to在变成被动语态后需加上to。如:

I observed the woman follow the boy closely all the time. 我注意到那女子一直紧跟着那个小男孩儿。

The woman was observed to follow the boy closely all the time. 那个女子被注意到一直紧跟着那个小男孩儿。

The boss made him work all day. 老板使他整天劳动。

He was made to work all day. 他被迫整天劳动。 

强化练习

(    )1.How long will it take you _____ the repairs?

A.complete B.completed C.completing D.to complete

(    )2.You’d better _____ too much meat. You are much too fat.

A.eat B.not eat C.not to eat D.don’t eat

(    )3.I think it’s our duty _____ our environment clean and tidy.

A.to keeping B.keeping C.keep D.to keep

(    )4.We are _____ tired _____ get up on time.

A.too; to   B.to; too C.so; that D.so; to

(    )5.The little girl _____ a lot of housework every day.

A.is made to do B.is made do C.is made done D.make to do

(    )6.Why not _____ in bed and have a good rest?

A.to stay B.staying C.stayed D.stay

(    )7.I feel lucky to _____ at this vocational school.

A.studying B.studied C.studies D.study

(    )8.There are so many kinds of MP3 in the shop. We can’t decide _____.

A.to buy what B.which to buy C.what to buy  D.to buy which

(   )9.We must do everything we can _____ them.

A.help B.helped C.to help D.helping

(   )10.We find it difficult _____ after quarrelling.

A.apologize B.to apologize C.apologizing D.apologized

(   )11.He wants you _____ him back at 9:00 am.

A.call     B.to call     C.called  D.calling

(   )12.It’s important _____ our classroom clean every day.

A.to keep B.keeping C.to be kept D.to keeping

(   )13.In China, many cities have passed laws _____ in public areas.

A.to stop smoking B.stop smoking

C.stop to smoking D.to stop to smoking

(   )14.They don’t have a lot of time _____ with me.

A.talk   B.to talk    C.talking         D.talked

(    )15.We are glad _____ that he has made much progress recently.

A.knowing B.to know C.known D.to be

(    )16.—The light in the office is still on.

—Oh, I forgot _____.

A.turning it off B.turn it off

C.to turn it off         D.having turn it off

(   )17.Amy is always too shy _____ speak English in public.

A.in   B.of   C.to   D.at

(   )18.Do you know _____ to start the machine?

A.where B.what C.how D.which

(   )19.Today we have no homework _____.

A.do   B.doing C.to doing D.to do

(   )20.So much work usually makes them _____ very tired.

A.feel B.to feel C.feeling D.feels

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