【对口升学英语二轮专题复习系列一、语法部分】语态

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语法复习十一、动词的语态

学习目标

1、掌握被动语态的构成:助动词be+过去分词。在不同时态中,be的形式会发生相应的变化;掌握一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时的被动语态的用法;

2、理解主动语态和被动语态的概念;

3、了解现在完成时、现在进行时、过去进行时、过去完成时、过去将来时和带有情态动词的被动语态的用法

学习难点

各种时态被动语态的结构

学习内容

a.理解主动语态和被动语态的概念;

b.掌握被动语态的构成:助动词be+过去分词。在不同时态中,be的形式会发生相应的变化;

c.掌握一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时的被动语态的用法;

d.了解现在完成时、现在进行时、过去进行时、过去完成时、过去将来时和带有情态动词的被动语态的用法。

被动语态的时态 构    成 例    句
一般现在时 am/is/are +过去分词 Smokers are advised to give up smoking.
一般过去时 was/were +过去分词 At least 450 years ago, corn was brought to China.
一般将来时 will/shall + be +过去分词 The work will be done next week.
现在完成时 have/has + been +过去分词 All the rooms have already been cleaned.
过去完成时 had been +过去分词 All the words had been learned by the end of last term.

续表

被动语态的时态 构    成 例    句
现在进行时 am/is/are + being +过去分词 A new house is being built in front of my classroom.
过去进行时 was/were +being+过去分词 The child was being saved by a policeman.
过去将来时 should/ would + be +过去分词 She said that her homework would be done that afternoon.
情态动词的被动 情态动词+ be +过去分词 She must be sent to hospital at once.

 强化练习

(    )1.— Have you moved into the new house?

— Not yet, the rooms _____.

A.are being painted B.are painting

C.are painted D.are being painting

(    )2.How to solve the problem ____ in the meeting tomorrow.

A.discuss B.to discuss C.will be discussed D.will discuss

(   )3.The children under the age of eighteen _____ in that country.

A.was not allowed to drink B.are not allowed to drink

C.are not allowed drinking D.is not allowed drinking

(   )4.—Your classroom looks bright and tidy.

—It _____ after school every day.

A.cleans B.is cleaned C.cleaned D.was cleaned

(   )5.The Grand Hotel _____ in 1982.

A.is built   B.built  C.was built D.will build

(   )6.The trees must _____ three times a week.

A.be watered    B.water        C.waters D.watering

(    )7.— Is this bike yours?

— No, mine _____.

A.is borrowing to Tom B.has been lent to Tom

C.borrows to Tom         D.lends to Tom

(    )8.When I came here a month ago, a bridge _____ then.

A.was being built B.is being built C.to build D.was

(    )9.Children _____ how to swim when they are seven years old.

A.will teach B.will be teaching C.will be taught D.have taught

(    )10.You should say “How do you do?” when you _____ to a new friend.

A.are introduced B.Introduce   C.will introduce  D.  introduced

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