【河南省对口升学英语】完形填空如何做才能得满分?

完形填空是英语考试必考的题型之一,试题形式为常见四选一。这是一道考查学生综合能力的题型。综合能力包括学生对基础知识的掌握和运用,对整篇文章逻辑联系的理解,在情景中辨析词义的能力以及在词组短语搭配的使用能力,这是大部分考生认为难度比较大的题目。也是学生最容易丢分或者放弃的一道大题。

本道大题在全卷中占10分,占比10%。尽管比例不大,但是对于高考来说,宁得1分,不得0分。多得1分,干掉千人,不可不重视。

现在从中等生的角度详细解析完型填空的考点和做题思路、方法和技巧。

做好完形填空的知识基础和能力基础包括,词汇量1000左右,基本的词法与句法知识,阅读理解文章的能力,积累一定量的固定词组与搭配。

完形填空的特征:

  • 语篇不长,阅读词汇量在200左右。文章中挖10个空。
  • 以记叙文和议论文体裁居多,话题为英语国家和现在社会热门话题。语义逻辑连贯,脉络清晰。

比如2013年河南省对口升学英语完形填空是关于礼貌用语:Thank you和Excuse me。

2014年话题为时间,2015年话题为英国的天气,2016年为谈论幸福,2017年为运动话题。

  • 设置的答案选项以考查实词为主,名词、动词、形容词、副词、代词和数词。考查虚词,连词,冠词,介词少。
  • 完形填空的考点设置主要是考纲词汇在文章中的使用和词组搭配,同时会涉及重点语法,很少考较难近义词的辨析。

完形填空的做题思路与步骤:

  1. 初读文章,根据文章意思判断所挖空中应该填的词,然后对照选项,如果选项中有跟自己判断的词义相同或近义的词,即可判断为正确答案。
  2. 再读文章,对于较难判断的空,依据上下文意思完整地进行推理和判断。
  3. 通读文章,检查确认答案是否正确,上下文是否连贯。

完形填空的做题技巧:

  1. 顺着文章意思填空
  2. 寻找固定搭配
  3. 利用所学语法
  4. 从上下文信息里找答案

下面举例说明:

例一、2017年河南对口升学英语完形填空

Life today is much  1    than it was hundreds of years ago, but it has brought some  2   problems. One of the biggest problems is pollution. We can see it, smell it, drink it and even  3   it.

Man has polluted the earth. The more people, the more pollution. Many years ago, the problem was not so serious because there were not so   4   people. When the land was used up or the river was not clean in a place, man went to another  place. Now man is slowly    5   the whole world.

Air  pollution is still the most serious, it’s bad for all living things in the    6  . But it is not the only one kind of pollution.  7   pollution kills our fish and pollutes our drinking water. Noise pollution makes us   8  more easily.

Many countries  are making rules to fight pollution. They stop factories from pouring dirty water into rivers and putting dirty  9  into the air. Except for this,we can do many more things. For example, if there are fewer people driving, there will be    10    pollution,too.

The earth is our home. We must take care of it.

(  B  ) 1.A.easy         B.easier    C. easiest        D.easyer

考查语法,形容词比较级,思路:原句意思

(  C  ) 2.A.much B.little C.new D.old

考查简单的形容词辨析,思路:上下文

( A  ) 3.A.hear B.have C.get D.heard

考查动词辨析,思路:can hear 上下文

(  D  ) 4.A.little B.lot C.much D.many

考查不定代词 思路:原句

( A   )5.A.polluting     B.pollution        C.pollute        D.polluted

考查语法,时态,现在进行时 思路:原句

( C   )6.A.moon        B.home         C.world          D.field

考查简单的名词辨析,思路:上下文

( B   )7.A.Smoke         B.Water       C.Noise          D.Air

考查简单的名词辨析,思路:上下文

(  C  )8.A.happy         B.clever        C.angry         D.bright

考查简单的形容词辨析,思路:上下文

(  B  )9.A.noise          B.smoke       C.paper          D.water

考查简单的名词辨析,思路:上下文

(  D  )10.A.much        B.worse           C.more          D.Less

考查简单的形容词比较级辨析,思路:上下文

小结:

考点分析:动词及时态2个, 名词3个, 形容词4个, 代词1个,全部考查实词在文章中具体使用。与语法知识有关的题有2个,第1题形容词比较级知识,第5题时态的知识。根据上下文意思判断得出答案的题占比很高,8道题,根据原句本身就可以判断出答案的题只有两道。

例二、2017年河南对口升学英语完形填空

People all over the world enjoy sports very much. Sports play a(n)   1   part in our life.

Wherever you are, you can   2   different kinds of sports or games. Some sports or games can go back to thousands of   3   ago, like running and jumping. Chinese kung fu, for example, has a very long history.   4   basketball and volleyball are new. Neither has a history of a hundred years. People are inventing new sports or games all the time.

Sports help people keep healthy and happy and live   5  . Lots of people take part in sports and play games. But some people like to watch   6   do sports. In order to watch the games, some people   7   tickets or turn on their TVs at home. They don’t go to bed until the games are   8  . When their player gets the first or their team wins, they often   9   very excited.

When the seasons change, sports change with them. In different seasons, people play different games. For example, swimming is fun in warm weather just like in summer, but skating or skiing is popular in   10  .

( B ) 1.A.different  B.important   C.strange        D.same

考查形容词辨析,play an important part in 在……当中起重要作用  思路:上下文

( A ) 2.A.watch   B.meet       C.know        D.see

考查动词辨析,watch 观看  思路:上下文

( C ) 3.A.seconds       B.minutes      C.years       D.hours

考查名词辨析,thousands of years 许多年    思路:上下文

(A  ) 4.A.But        B.Or       C.So        D.And

考查并列连词,but 但是    思路:上下文

(A  ) 5.A.longer        B.harder       C.worse      D.shorter

考查形容词比较级,longer 更长久   思路:上下文

(B  ) 6.A.the other   B.others C.other D.another

考查语法,不定代词辨析,others 别人   思路:词的用法辨析

(A  ) 7.A.buy    B.lend      C.show       D.sell

考查动词辨析,buy 买   思路:上下文

(C  ) 8.A.away    B.on           C.over      D.off

考查副词辨析,over 结束   思路:上下文

(B  ) 9.A.smell      B.get      C.taste          D.look

考查系动词,get excited 变得激动   思路:动词简单辨析

(C  )10.A.spring      B.autumn      C.winter D.summer

考查名词辨析,winter 冬季    思路:上下文

小结:

一、考点分布:动词3道;名词2道;形容词副词3道;代词1道;实词占9个,虚词, 连词1道,占1个,做题思路是依据上下文的占8道题,依据语法知识的占2道题。

二、依据课本:第一册Unit6的话题

三、紧扣考纲:16年考纲完形第36篇原题

总之,要做好完形填空,需要考生在打好词汇和语法的基础上加强训练,形成自己固定的一套思路和技巧,然后熟练应用,一定要摒弃恐惧心理,不要一见到完形填空就吓得落荒而逃。冷静沉着,细心判断,相信自己一定能做好,祝您成功。

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